A Textbook of Electrical Technology volume 4 by theraja Pdf, Electrons moving in elliptical or circular orbits around a Relatively heavy nucleus of protons and neutrons as revealed in Fig. 51.1. Although, this simple version of an atom was Replaced by later versions, yet it affords a convenient way Of understanding the functioning of semi-conductor apparatus.
Electron includes a mass of almost 9.1 × 10−31 kg plus a fee of The diameter of an atom is roughly 10−10 m and among the nucleus about 10−15 m. The amount While the nuclear mass number is decided by the amount Of protons and neutrons within the nucleus.
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